How to deal with people fainting appropriately


Fainting is a condition of unconsciousness that occurs suddenly due to inadequate blood flow to the brain. Knowledge of how to handle the faint of the right is very important to learn and know.
Not only healthcare personnel who are obliged to carry out proper handling. The layman without the background of health education should also be able to do the help of fainting correctly and appropriately. Because we cannot predict anyone who will faint and need our help and relief in an emergency. Here's an explanation.

Steps and how to deal with people fainting appropriately

Blackouts can happen to anyone. Signs and symptoms of a person who will faint, among others, the face and lips that pale like anemia, cold hands, blurred vision, irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing and unable to stand properly.
Various things can be a faint cause. The main and most common causes of blood pressure are falling drastically due to heart disease, low blood sugar levels, and overheating conditions. Lung and brain disorders can also cause fainting.
Although unconscious handling should actually refer to and adapt to the cause, first aid is essential to prevent further brain damage. The brain that is not affected by oxygen optimally within 1 to 2 minutes may experience cell death and of course, this will be the cause of the function failure of other organs in the body.

Here's an appropriate relief step when it happens to faint in someone around you:

1. Move and look for safe locations to start first aid measures

The first step you should perform before helping someone who is unconscious is to ensure that the environment around you is safe to carry out relief measures. If necessary, always carry a complete personal protective equipment wherever you are. The minimal self-protection tool is a complete glove, mask, and small box P3K its contents with antiseptics as well as some basic medicines.

If you are in the middle of the crowd and under the blazing hot sun, move the patient first to the shade. Dry and flat surfaces. If you're in the middle of a crowded highway, first move the faint patient to the roadside.

If you yourself are very important to contact the hospital or police station first before doing any help. If there are many people around you, ask one of them to contact the hospital, police station and patient family. Only then began the first Aid Act, namely conducting a breath-taking examination.

2. Pay attention to the path of breath

The second step when you see a friend or someone who is unconscious near you is to pay attention to the path of the breath. Listen carefully whether there is a wind blowing coming out of your mouth or nose. This is done by bringing your ears close to the patient's mouth while looking at the chest movements. If you cannot feel or listen there is the breath that comes out of your mouth or nose, it means suspected blockage on the path of his breath.

If you find this, do it immediately head tilt-chin lift, i.e. positioning the patient's chin raised higher than the patient's forehead. With this position, the mouth of the patient will open, there will be a blockage such as a tongue that falls backward or there is a leftover of food that closes its breathing path.

When this happens, tilt the patient's head, remove the food or tongue that covers the airway with your hands. If you're disgust, you can use clean cloth or gloves when doing this relief process. If there is no tongue or leftover food that closes the breath, then proceed to the next Relief Act.

The obstruct of the breath can impede your first aid process. Because of oxygen or air that can not enter the lungs. The brain will not be able to get oxygen well. The patient will not be conscious.

3. Patient's Pulse check

The third step is to check on the patient's pulse or someone who has fainted. A pulse check can be done on your wrist, or on the pulse of the right or left area of the neck.

The pulse is said to be normal when it is irregular, and the amount is 80 – 100 times per minute. If you feel a pulse that is weakening, and irregular, then this is a sign of danger. Immediately take the patient to the nearest hospital or emergency services to get more maximum handling and relief efforts.

If it turns out the pulse is irregular and normal even though weak. Then the condition of the patient has not been dangerous. It will be immediately sober up in no more than 5 minutes. Accompany the patient and continue in the next relief process.

4. Position the legs higher than the head

Blackouts occur as a result of blood intake to the brain decreases. By positioning the legs higher than the patient's head, the blood flow back to the brain will increase. Immediately the patient will wake up from the fainted.

Sometimes blackouts can occur due to blood sugar levels too low. After wake up, you can give the patient or someone who fainted a brown or a glass of warm sweet tea to restore his blood sugar to normal.

Immediately after normal blood sugar, the patient will regain energy for activity. Allow patients who are sober up after fainting to rest briefly to restore energy and steady return consciousness. While waiting for an ambulance or vehicle that will take the patient to the nearest health care center.

5. Loosen Patient Clothing

Clothing that is too narrow can interfere with a patient's airway or someone who is unconscious. Loosen the clothes of too tight patients, such as buttons on the neck area, belts on the stomach and usually in female patients is a bra that is too strict. Wait and accompany the patient to wake up.

If the patient is carrying a communication device, try to connect with a parent or family from a faint patient. Also secure your belongings and the belongings of the patient, because there can be many thieves who take this opportunity to benefit from stealing valuable goods and lust from supervision.

6. The telephone of hospitals and police

If you encounter someone who is not known to faint, before carrying out any relief action. Should contact the nearest hospital or police station. The hospital will help send the ambulance to the scene. The hospital is also more entitled to provide the best follow-up and check-in.

The police will also record the incident. Help secure the location of events and send officers to perform timeline checks of events. Police will usually be pleased to present in the case of collapsed accidents or disasters such as collapsed buildings or other cases of obesity.

Thus 6 stages and how to handle the faint ones are quite easy to learn. Equip yourself with enough knowledge. So when knowing someone collapsed in the middle of the road, you will not hesitate to give help. It is not only an audience that makes the streets hang and complicate the patient's evacuation process. Hopefully, this article is helpful, greetings!

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